When an organ from one person is surgically removed and placed into another person it is known as organ transplantation.Insituations where a person’s organ has fully failed due to illness or injury, the only option they have to recover is to undergo organ transplantation.
Solid organs that can be transplanted include heart, lung, liver, kidneys, pancreas and intestine. Tissues that can be transplanted include cornea, bone, cartilage , skin, vein and heart valves.
The Government of India recognizes the concept of brain stem death and has legalized the procurement of organs from brain stem dead persons through ‘The Transplantation of Human Organs Act’ (1994). THOA 1994 and Rules 2008 operational in Tamil Nadu now.